NETTY ROYAL

SOVEREIGN

HEIR TO THE THRONE

COAT OF ARMS

FLAG

POSTAL ADDRESS

Office of the Emir
Al Diwan Al Amiri
Sief Palace-Building 100
State of Kuwait

Kuwait

uploaded: 1 January 2013 / last modified: 17 April 2017

The country

The state is known as Dawlat Al-Kuwayt in its national language. This means the State of Kuwait. The country is being reigned by the Al-Sabah dynasty.

Sovereign

The current sovereign is Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah, 15th Emir of the State of Kuwait. He was born at Kuwait City on 16 June 1929.

He is the son of Sheikh Ahmad I Al-Jaber Al-Sabah of Kuwait (1885-1950) and his wife Munira Al-Ayyar of Jahra.

Sheikh Sabah succeeded his relative Sheikh Saeed Al-Abdullah Al-Sabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait (1929- 2008), who was Emir from 15 January 2006 until his abdication on 24 January 2006 on grounds of ill health. Sheikh Sabah acted as interim emir from 24 to 29 January 2006.

The Emir is a Muslim.

Marriage and descendants

Sheikh Sabah was married to Sheikha Fatuwah bint Salman Al-Sabah, who died in 1990.

The couple had three sons, Sheikh Nasser (born 1948), Sheikh Hamad, Sheikh Ahmad (died 1969), and one daughter, Sheikha Salwa (1951-2002).

Sheikh Nasser married first Sheikha Hussa bint Sabah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, and married secondly Sheikha Nuria bint Ahmad Al-Sabah. By his second wife he has issue: Dana (born 1971), Abdullah (born 1976), Bibi (born 1978), Sabah (born 1979), Fahad and Futooh. Sheikh Fahad is married to Fay bint Loay bin Jassim Al-Kharafi since 2015.

Sheikha Salwa was married and divorced to Sheikh Fahd bin Duaij Al-Sabah. The couple had two sons and two daughters.

Heir to the throne

On 7 February 2006 Sheikh Sabah appointed his halfbrother Sheikh Nawaf Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah as Crown Prince of the State of Kuwait. Sheikh Nawaf was born on 25 June 1937.

Sheikh Nawaf is married to Sharifa bint Sulaiman Al-Jasem since the 1950s. The couple has four sons, Sheikh Ahmad (born 1956), Sheikh Faisal (born 1957), Sheikh Abdullah (born 1958) and Sheikh Salim (born 1960), and one daughter, Sheikha Sheikha.

Sheikh Ahmad is married to Sheikha Basma bint Mubarak (born 1959). The couple has one daughter, Sheikha Hind (born 1981), and one son, Sheikh Nawaf (born 1982).

Sheikh Faisal is married to Hanaan Al-Badr since 1984. The couple has one daughter, Sheikha Yamama (born 1985).

Sheikha Sheikha is married to Sheikh Jabir bin Duaij Al-Sabah. The couple has three sons and one daughter.

Succession

Kuwait is an independent democratic sovereign Arab state and a hereditary emirate. The emir is the head of state and his person shall be immune and inviolable. Before an emir assumes his powers he shall take at oath at a special sitting of the National Assembly. If the emir is absent from the country, and the heir apparent is unable to act as deputy, the emir shall appoint a deputy who shall exercise his powers during his absence. The emir has legislative power and executive power, but shall exercise his powers through his ministers. He is also supreme commander of the armed forces.

The succession is limited to the descendants of Mubarak al-Sabah. The heir apparent has to be chosen within one year from the date of accession of the emir. He shall be nominated by the emir and approved by a majority vote by the members of the National Assembly. If no heir apparent has been designated the emir has to nominate at least three descendants of Mubarak al-Sabah, of which the National Assembly will chose one as the heir apparent. The heir apparent must have reached his majority, be sound of mind and a legitimate son of Muslim parents.

Titles

The Emir is His Highness Sheikh ... (first name) al-... (father's name) al-Sabah, Emir of the State of Kuwait. The Crown Prince is Sheikh ... (first name) al-... (father's name) al-Sabah, Crown Prince of the State of Kuwait. He is styled His Highness. Other male descendants of the family are Sheikh ... al-... (father's name) al-Sabah. Female descendants are Sheikha ... al-... (father's name) al-Sabah. Some members of the family but the name of the grandfather behind the name of the father, thus al-...

Royal residences

The official residence of the emir is the Dar Salwa palace. The offices of the state of Kuwait are situated at the Seif Palace. The Amiri Diwan building in the palace includes the offices of the Emir of Kuwait, as well as the main reception hall of the Emir, and smaller reception rooms, as well as meeting rooms and banquet rooms. The original Seif Palace, built in 1906-1907 was partly destroyed in a fire in 1983, while the remains were destroyed during the Iraqi Invasion. Afterwards the palace was reconstructed. The main palace is the Bayan Palace, a conference centre, where foreign heads of state and dignitaries are being received.

History

The island of Failaka was conquered by the Greeks in the 3rd century BC. The port of Characene was founded in 127 BC and had borders similar to present day Kuwait. Kuwait, previously called Guraine, was founded in 1705 by members of the Bani Utbah tribe. The descendants of the Anizah tribe, the families al-Khalifa, al-Sabah and al-Jalahma, arrived in Kuwait from Nejd around 1716 and took over the power in the region in 1732. Soon the al-Sabah family gained power. The first ruler was Sabah I bin Jaber who died in 1762 and was succeeded by his son Abdullah who ruled until 1812. The al-Khalifa and al-Jalahima families left Kuwait in 1766. Mubarak al-Sabah in 1897 was recognised as sub-governor of Kuwait by the Ottoman sultan. He allowed the British to deploy gunboats along the coast of Kuwait and this policy gave Great Britain control of the foreign policy and national security of Kuwait. After World War I Kuwait became an independent sheikhdom under British protectorate. The country became only fully independent on 19 June 1961.

The Emirs of Kuwait

Abdullah Al-Salem Al-Sabah (1895-1965) 1950/61-1965
Sabah Al-Salem Al-Sabah (1913-1977) 1965-1977
Jaber Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (1926-2006) 1977-2006
Saad Al-Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah (1930-2008) 2006-2006
Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah (1929- ) 2006-

1998- Netty Royal
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