The bridal couple (Copyright: Danish Royal Court/Steen Evald)
Wednesday, 5 May 2004
Friday, 7 May 2004
Sunday, 9 May 2004
Tuesday, 11 May 2004
Wednesday, 12 May 2004
Thursday, 13 May 2004
Friday, 14 May 2004
Presents for the bridal couple, a shop window and a banner on a building in Copenhagen (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, together with flowerist Bjarne Als, Bering House of Flowers, has taken care of the flower decoration at Christiansborg Palace.
The vases at the King's stairs were decorated with a 1,5 metre high decoration of Rodondendrons in pink, rose and white colours. The vase at the middle window and two side tables at the entrance of the Knight's Hall were decorated with blooming lilacs in light and darklilac colours. The tables in the Knight's Hall were decorated with white and yellow colours with the smell of Danish spring and early summer. The yellow colours were in the same colour as the walls. Decorations were at the same height and made to create life in the big hall.
The flower decoration existed of: Solomon's Seal, Lily of the Valley, Spirea, Trollius europaues (ranunculus family), Peonies, Poet's narcissus, Lathyrus, Yellow Sphinx roses and Beech branches.
Quail's Egg in Cabbage Salad
Poached Saint Peter's Fish
Fennel in blanquette bisque
Well-baked fillet of beef
New Samsø Potatoes
Shallots in Crunchy Dough
Mustard Sauce with Tarragon
Saint André Cake
La Cigaralle du Prince 1999
Cuvee Speciale du Mariage Cahors
Champagne Pol Roger
Cuvee Frederik & Mary
Den Kongelige Livgardes Musikkorps played during the evening.
Fuzzy - Crown Prince Frederik's Honnørmarch
C.F.E. Hornemann - Ouverture from "Aladdin"
E. Waldteufel - Très Jolie, waltz
P. Grainger - Faeroe Island Dance
H.C. Lumbye - Crown Prince Frederik's Polka
arr. S. Sønderriis - Australian potpourri
B. Andersson - "You and I" from "Chess"
G. Harrison - Here comes the sun
H.C. Lumbye - Crown Prince Frederik's Galop
Present were members of the Danish government and other politicians, members of the royal court and other people. Also present were members of both the Danish royal family and the Donaldson family
The City of Copenhagen hosted an official reception for Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark and Mary Donaldson with guests. Youngsters, kindergardens, day care children and their parents were invited to show up dressed as princes and princesses. Also lots of music was played outside the town hall. At the reception Crown Prince Frederik gave a speech to thank for the 60 sets of 5 glasses the couple received from Copenhagen council. After the reception the couple and parents shortly appeared on the balcony of the Rådhus.
Queen Margrethe and Prince Henrik, Crown Prince Frederik and Mary Donaldson, Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra, John and Susan Donaldson (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
When Christine and I arrived in Copenhagen we first went to our hotel to check in and leave our luggage. Afterwards we soon were on our way to the Rådhus Square. We met little children dressed up as princes and princesses, and we were sure nothing was to be seen anymore at the square. But when we arrived there were still some people and photographers waiting outside and it didn't take more than a few minutes before we saw Crown Prince Frederik and Mary Donaldson, as well as several members of the family leaving the Rådhus. From quite a far distance we did manage to make some pictures.
John and Susan Donaldson, Princess Benedikte and Prince Richard, Princess Alexandra and Count Jefferson-Friedrich, King Constantine and Queen Anne-Marie, Princess Elisabeth (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
Apart from members of the family several members of the royal court were present.
On Wednesday evening 12 May Christine, Stig (whom we met in the afternoon) and I decided to have a look at Amalienborg. A few people from the press were waiting in front of one of the palaces, and we decided to join them. Unfortunately it started raining before we had seen anybody interesting coming out or going in. Finally the doors opened and Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan came out. He stepped into a car, which drove him to the other side of the palace square to one of the other three palaces of Amalienborg (the one that houses the royal museum). Some time afterwards, when we were already cold and soaking wet, also Crown Princess Victoria, Prince Carl Philip and Princess Madeleine of Sweden left the palace. As it seemed more was happening at the palace they all went to, we went there. Other guests arrived there by bus, among them family of Mary Donaldson. One bus also contained some royals. We saw Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway, Princess Märtha Louise and Ari Behn, as well as Mary Donaldson's father and stepmother. Stig saw some members of the Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg family and some Greek royals arrive on foot from the other palace nearby, but because of the many people watching and the rain Christine and I didn't notice them. Because of the bad weather we didn't go to the Vega Nightclub anymore, where later that evening - after having a buffet dinner at the palace - the royals and friends of Crown Prince Frederik and Mary Donaldson would celebrate a night out with the couple.
Crown Prince Naruhito of Japan, Crown Princess Victoria of Sweden, Prince Carl Philip and Princess Madeleine of Sweden (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway, Princess Märtha Louise of Norway and Ari Behn, John and Susan Donaldson (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
The Danish royal family and few family members, as well as a few members of court, attended a reception at the Folketing, the Danish parliament. Upon arrival of the royal family at the Danish Parliament Christine and I were standing on the other side of the street - a military band standing in front of us to our big disappointment. We had to make photographs over the heads of the band members. However like everyone we also laughed loudly when Mary Donaldson's hat was blown away by the wind.
Arrival of bride and groom (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
Crown Prince Frederik held a short speech.
On behalf of my fiancée, Miss Mary Donaldson I should like to convey to you our sincere gratitude for the warm and friendly welcome we have received in the Folketing today.
I also wish to take the opportunity to express my warmest thanks for your very kind words to my fiancée. You have given us both great pleasure. In a few days, we embark on a new life together, which will be both private and official.
We are aware that there are high expectations of us. We shall do our best to live up to them.
Over the years, successive parliaments have shown my family and me much kindness, and with your warm words today, Mr Speaker, both my fiancée and I feel well prepared to face the future. In the days to come, it will give us a great deal of pleasure to think back on this day.
Thank you very much indeed for the beautiful dining table, which the Danish Parliament has given us today as a wedding present. I am sure that, also in our home, the dining table will be a place around which we gather, for a good meal, lively discussions and good times together.
Thank you very much.
As at least half of the official photographers had left already there was quite a lot of space on the stairs on both sides of the red carpet. Christine and I managed to get a good place on the first row. Stig joined us, while also Dag from Norway had arrived. Elsebeth and Helene, two little Danish girls, were standing near us with each a small red paper heart with some text for Mary Donaldson on it. I managed to catch Mary's attention shouting at her: "Mary the girls have a small present for you." She hesitated, but then walked over to us after all to collect the little gift of Elsebeth. She was exited, her mother and sister were exited and so were we - and the Norwegian press standing behind us who now after all managed to get some good views on Mary. Mary once again turned around saying: 'Tusend tak' (Lots of thanks) before going back and step in her car. The little girls were soon surrounded by press who made pictures and wanted to know what Elsebeth had given to Mary. Helene still had her heart but her mother said they were going to put it in the mailbox at Amalienborg for Mary. Christine, Dag, Stig and I left and went into town. In the afternoon we visited the Royal Museum at Amalienborg, enjoying amongst others a small wedding exhibition.
Prince Henrik and Queen Margrethe, Mary Donaldson (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
Princess Alexandra of Denmark, Crown Prince Pavlos and Crown Princess Marie-Chantal, Princess Theodora, Prince Nikolaos, Carlos Morales Quintana, Princess Alexia, Susan and John Donaldson, Donaldson family (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
The Royal Theatre has been located at Kongens Nytorv since the foundation in 1748 by King Frederik V of Denmark. At first it was a theatre for the monarch, although there was public access. The first theatre on the site could house 800 people and was designed by architect Nicolai Eigtved. Already in 1774 it was enlarged by architect C.F. Harsdorff. In the beginning the theatre only had 8 actors, 4 actresses, one female and two male dancers. But since it has become a stage for many arts: drama, opera, ballet and symphonic music. After 1849 the theatre lost much of its importance, and the decision was made to construct an entirely new theatre. It was designed by architects Vilhelm Dahlerup and Ove Pedersen. It was erected next to the first theatre, which later was demolished. The theatre was inaugurated on October 15, 1874. In 1931 the annexed Art Deco playhouse, Stærekassen or Ny Scene were added. Today, the Royal Theatre consists of four stages: the main stage at the Royal Theatre, Stærekassen and two drama stages at Turbinehallerne, a former power station in Adelgade. But new additions are being build at the moment.
Decoration at the Royal Theatre, and the press waiting (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
The flower decoration at the Royal Theatre was designed by flower decorator Erik Buch. The balcony at Kongens Nytorv was decorated with a love symbol: two composed hearts in two warm rose colours with a strip of for-get-me-nots. And also with three big boxes of red and orange roses, red carnations, virburnum and Solomon's seal. The entrance hall was decorated with two fir-trees in paradise applegreen, lilacs and all in warm red, rose and orange colours. At the sides of the stage were two composed hearts in two warm rose colours, and at the side of the balcony and the royal loge were boxes with red and salmonorange roses, spurge, orange gloriosa, double red tulips, Lieutenant's hearts (translated from Dutch it would be tearing hearts), flammede koralranker, lathyrus and jasmin.
The Royal Theatre arranged a programme for the big wedding feast that was the gift of the theatre and its employees to the Crown Princely Couple. The programme both reflected the theatre's traditional repertoire as well as modern music. Both Australian and Danish artists performed.
Roll of smoked Eastsee Salmon with herbal creme
Slices of Parma ham with turned salad and slices of Parmesan
Quiches Lorraine with bacon and onions
Selection of sandwiches
Chicken sateh with peanutsauce
Champagne, Den Gule Enke (The Yellow Widow)
White wine, La Cigaraline 2002
Red wine, Cahors, Cuvée du Mariage
Count Ingolf and Countess Sussie af Rosenborg, Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg, Hereditary Grand Duke Guillaume of Luxemburg, Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway, Prince Philippe and Princess Mathilde of Belgium, Grand Duke Henri and Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxemburg (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
Ari Behn and Princess Märtha Louise of Norway, the Earl and Countess of Wessex, Count Carl Johan and Countess Gunilla Bernadotte (?), Crown Prince Haakon and Crown Princess Mette-Marit of Norway, Prince Philippe and Princess Mathilde of Belgium; Infanta Cristina of Spain and Iñaki Urdangarín, Princess Astrid and Prince Lorenz of Belgium, Princess Claire and Prince Laurent of Belgium, the Earl and Countess of Wessex (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
Early in the evening the four of us were standing next to the entrance of the Royal Theatre. However after a while we had to leave as it was pool press only. While Christine, Dag and Stig found theirselves a place at the side of the road, I headed for the press area on the other side of the street right at the front of the Royal Theatre. We had to wait for ages before the first (airport) busses with guests arrived. Unfortunately for me and all the photographers around me busses mainly stopped in our view, so we couldn't see the guests, including many royals as we saw on the screen near the Royal Theatre. For a long time the only exciting moment was when one of the guards at the entrance fainted and had to be dragged inside to receive medical aid. But finally busses were giving us a bit more space, and happily the most important guests at the end came in cars so we were able to photograph them. After having had dinner we returned to the Royal Theatre. We saw the last part of the performance inside the Royal Theatre on the big screen. When the guests left we didn't really see a lot anymore, as it was pretty dark outside, but we managed to recognise some guests after all.
Princess Alexandra and Prince Joachim of Denmark, John and Susan Donaldson, Crown Prince Frederik and Mary Donaldson, Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik of Denmark (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
The Copenhagen Boys’ Choir
The Copenhagen Royal Chapel Choir
The Church of Our Lady’s Choir
The Baroque Ensemble Concerto of Copenhagen
Cembalo: Lars Ulrik Mortensen
Flemming Dreisig, Cathedral Organist
Mads Høck, Organist
Palle Mikkelborg, Trumpet
Helen Davies, Harp
Conductor: Ebbe Munk
The Royal Life Guards Brass Ensemble, conducted by Peter Harbeck
The arrival of the guests from 14.30
Composition Duration Time
1) Wilhelm Peterson-Berger (1867-1942): Congratulations (Frösöblomster op. 16) FD 2.30 14.30
2) Otto Malling (1847-1915): Friede, A-major op. 75 FD 4.30 14.34
3) Percy Whitlock (1903-1946): 2 pieces; Allegretto/Sea Shanty MH 6.00 14.40
4) F. L. Æ. Kunzen (1761-1817): Poco adagio, F-major FD 2.30 14.48
5) W. A. Mozart (1756-1791): Ave Verum, for choir and organ EM 3.10 14.52 - Sung by The Copenhagen Boys' Choir
6) L.Vater: Bryllupshilsen (Wedding Toast) 3.00 14.57 - Played by The Royal Life Guards Brass Ensemble
7) Edvard Grieg (1843-1907): Gavotte og Air (Holberg Suite)MH 6.00 15.01
8) Edward Grieg (1843-1907): Ave Maris stella, for choir, a capella EM 3.00 15.08 - Sung by The Copenhagen Boys' Choir
9) Charles Gounod: Allegro Maestoso from the Wedding March from ‘Romeo and Juliet’ 3.00 15.12 - Played by The Royal Life Guards Brass Ensemble
10) Niels W. Gade (1817-1890): Tone Poem, C-major MH 2.00 15.16
11) Frederik Kuhlau (1786-1832): Sonatina, F-major op.55 FD 3.00 15.19
12) Benna Moe (1897-1983): Cantilena (1972) FD 3.30 15.23
During and immediately after the arrival of His Royal Highness The Crown Prince with His Royal Highness Prince Joachim, 15.30
Carl Nielsen (1865-1931): Festive Prelude to the Turn of the Century - 1900 - Played by the Royal Life Guards’ Brass Ensemble
Niels W. Gade (1818-1890): Morning song of 'Elverskud' called 'The Sun Rises in the East' Sung by the Copenhagen Boys’ Choir, Conducted by Ebbe Munk. Ingemann’s text to the song 'The Sun Rises in the East' is probably the hymn which is best recognised in Denmark. Gade’s choral arrangement of it has become a permanent feature in the repertoire of most Danish choirs.
To music by both Carl Nielsen and Niels W. Gade, The Crown Prince and Prince Joachim will be welcomed with music by the two most famous composers in Denmark.
The Royal guests and members of the Danish government arrived, 15.40-15.50
Léon Boëllmann (1862-1897): Toccata for organ - Played by Flemming Dreisig. The composer Léon Boëllmann is recognised as leading the renowned French romantic organ tradition.
The arrival of the Donaldson family:
"Fill thou my life, O Lord my God", Scottish hymn - The Copenhagen Royal Chapel Choir, Conductor: Ebbe Munk. The Copenhagen Royal Chapel Choir is one of the Cathedral’s two choirs. This choir sings for the daily radio church service on one of the Danish radio morning programmes.
The Donaldson family have Scottish roots and this hymn was chosen especially by the bride.
The arrival of Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik, 15.53
Antonio Soler (1729-1783): Fanfare fra Seis Conciertos para dos organos. Played by the Royal Life Guards Brass Ensemble with the Cathedral Organist, Flemming Dreisig
This piece was popular with the Spanish Royal court as early as the 1700's. The composer was also employed at the Spanish Royal Family's summer residence at Escorial. It was originally written for two organs. On this occasion is performed from the Royal Box by the Life Guards, and the Cathedral's grand organ, by the Cathedral organist.
Duration: approximately 3 minutes.
The bells chime to announce the arrival of the bride - lasting 4 minutes, 16.00
During the arrival of the bride, Mary Donaldson, and her procession into the Cathedral: G.F.Händel (1685-1759): Zadok the Priest. Coronoation hymn for choir and orchestra
Sung by The Copenhagen Boys' Choir, The Baroque Concerto Copenhagen, Lars Ulrik Mortensen, cembalo, Mads Høck, organ. Conductor: Ebbe Munk.
This work was written for the coronation of King George II in London in 1727 and is one of the most magisterial choral works to be found in the traditional music of the Anglican church.
Hymn No. 402 (in the Danish hymnal), verses 1,3,4 5 and 7
The blessed new day with joy we see from out of the deep ascended. Now brightens the sky by slow degree: our hearts with its cheer are mended. It shows in us all, each child of light, that now the dark night is ended.
That sacred sweet hour, that midnight dear,
our Lord in the flesh took dwelling,
away in the east the sky shone clear,
the rosiest dawn excelling:
thus broke forth the light which earth’s dim sphere
shall shine with, all gloom dispelling.
If life were but giv’n each greenwood tree,
each leaf as a tongue resounded,
yet could they not voice half worthily
the praise of God’s grace unbounded:
for old and for young the Light of Life
shall shine, in all ages founded.
To God our good Father thanks shall wing
as lark in the rosy dawning -
for day, that from night he deigned to bring,
for life, when the grave stood yawning.
May all of our lives, in Jesus’ name,
be sweeter for this blest morning.
Go stately along, our festal day,
your brow with a glory glowing:
so time rolls, at God’s behest, away
as brook through the meadow flowing,
until at the end it grateful winds
where green linden-trees are growing.
When day from the dead returns anew,
like gold is the sun’s ascending,
but gold is its kiss at even too,
with beautiful crimson blending,
rekindling a spark in eye grown dim,
a blush to the pale cheek lending.
So journey we on to our Father’s land
where day never sleeps benighted,
to dwell in his city proud and grand,
in mansions of gold delighted,
and blissful remain for ever more
with friends in the light united.
The Blessing, prayer and the Lesson from the Bible
By Bishop Erik Normann Svendsen
The grace of the Lord Jesus Christ,
the love of God,
and the fellowship of the Holy Spirit
be with all of you.
Let us pray:
Lord our God, heavenly Father,
we thank you for the gift of life,
and for all who have shown us love
from our childhood until this day.
We pray you:
Give us always what we need
and daily renew our love to one another,
through Jesus Christ, our Lord,
who lives and reigns with you in the unity of the
one true God forever and ever. Amen
It is written:
When God had created heaven and earth, the sea, the
sun, the moon and the stars, all plants and animals, he
said, ‘Let us make humankind in our image, according
to our likeness. Let them have dominion over the fish
of the sea, and over the birds of the air, and over the
cattle, and over all wild animals of the earth, and over
every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth.’ So
God created humankind in his image; in the image of
God he created them; male and female he created
them. And God blessed them.
And our Lord Jesus Christ says:
Haven’t you read that the one who made them at the
beginning made them male and female, and said, ‘For
this reason a man shall leave his father and mother and
be joined to his wife, and the two shall become one
flesh’? So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore
what God has joined together, let no one separate.
And the apostle Paul writes:
Bear one another’s burdens, and in this way you will
fulfill the law of Christ. As God’s chosen ones, holy and
beloved, clothe yourselves with compassion, kindness,
humility, meekness, and patience. Bear with one another
and, if one has a complaint against the other, forgive
each other; just as the Lord has forgiven you, so you
also must forgive. Above all, clothe yourselves with love,
which binds everyting together in perfect harmony.
Hymn: 'Eternal Father'
The text has been translated into Danish. Arranged in 2004 on the occasion of the Royal Wedding, for congregation, choir and organ, by Chris Hazel, London. This hymn is amongst the most popular in the Anglican church, known particularly as the Navy's hymn.
Eternal Father! strong to save,
Whose arm doth bind the restless wave,
Who bid’st the mighty ocean deep
Its own appointed limits keep;
Oh, hear us when we cry to Thee,
For those in peril on the sea!
O Saviour, whose almighty word,
The winds and waves submissive heard,
Who walkedst on the foaming deep,
And calm amid its rage didst sleep;
Oh, hear us when we cry to Thee,
For those in peril on the sea!
O sacred Spririt, who didst brood
Upon the chaos dark and rude,
Who bad’st its angry tumult cease,
And gavest light, and life, and peace:
Oh, hear us when we cry to Thee,
For those in peril on the sea!
O Trinity of love and power!
Our brethren shield in danger’s hour;
From rock and tempest, fire and foe,
Protect them wheresoe’er they go,
Thus ever let there rise to Thee,
Glad hymns of praise from land and sea!
Sermon, preached by Bishop Erik Normann Svendsen
Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (ca.1525-1594): Sicut cervus.
The Copenhagen Boy's Choir. Conductor: Ebbe Munk.
This motet has been used by the Danish Royal Family for several generations. It has been performed at many major religious ceremonies, such as Queen Margrethe and Prince Henrik's wedding in Holmen's Naval Church, at King Frederik IX's funeral in Roskilde Cathedral and at Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra's wedding in Frederiksborg Castle Chapel. On all these occasions it has been performed by the Copenhagen Boys' Choir.
The responses and the service of Holy Matrimony
Officiated by Bishop Erik Normann Svendsen
I now ask you Frederik André Henrik Christian, will
you take Mary Elizabeth Donaldson, standing by your
side, to be your wife? - I will!
Will you love and honour her, and live with her in
prosperity and adversity, in what fortune God, the Almighty,
will send you, as a husband should live with his
wedded wife, until death parts you? - I will!
Likewise I ask you Mary Elizabeth Donaldson, will you
take Frederik André Henrik Christian, standing by your
side, to be your husband? - I will!
Will you love and honour him, and live with him in
prosperity and adversity, in what fortune God, the
Almighty, will send you, as a wife should live with her
wedded husband, until death parts you? - I will!
Then join your hands together.
Since you have promised one another that you will live
together in marriage and have now confirmed this before
God, and before us who are present, I declare you
to be man and wife before God and all mankind.
The bride and bridegroom exchange rings.
While the bride and bridegroom kneel, the pastor lays his hand on their heads and says:
Let us pray:
Dear heavenly Father! Grant this man and this woman
grace, happiness and blessing in soul and body.
Grant that they may love one another with faithful love
and serve you sincerely in all things, that they may live
as your dear children and finally be gathered unto you
in the eternal mansions.
Hear us in the name of Jesus:
Our Father in heaven,
hallowed be your name.
Your kingdom come.
Your will be done,
on earth as it is in heaven.
Give us today our daily bread.
Forgive us our sins
as we forgive those who sin against us.
Lead us not into temptation
but deliver us from evil.
For the kingdom, the power and the glory are yours,
now and forever. Amen.
Peace be with you.
Palle Mikkelborg (1941-): 'Simple Prayer'
Arranged for the Royal Wedding for solo trumpet, harp, soprano and choir.
Helen Davies Mikkelborg, harp
Palle Mikkelborg, trumpet
The Copenhagen Boys' Choir
Originally 'Simple Prayer' is the finale of a major choral work, 'A Noone of the Night' which Palle Mikkelborg composed for the Copenhagen Boys' Choir and Ebbe Munk, in 1997. In recent years this work has been performed around the world in concerts and has also been performed in the bride's home country, at the world famous Sydney Opera House. 'Simple Prayer' is one of the texts by the holy Saint Francis of Assissi.
The third Hymn: No 703, "It is so lovely to walk together", Singing verses 1,3 and 5
How sweetly beckons the path ahead
For two whose wish is to live together,
Our joys are double when we are wed,
When shared our sorrows weigh but a feather.
Oh yes, ‘tis merry
To travel, married,
When we are carried
On wings of love!
‘Tis truly splendid that we today
Know God has everything in His powers;
He’ll not forget us when we are grey,
O’er every people His grace does tower.
Oh yes, ‘tis merry
That we, when married,
God’s word of grace
Each loving couple who celebrate
Their wedding day in the name of Jesus,
Though ups and downs in the world await,
Will find what daily to them is precious:
It is so merry
To settle, married,
When all is carried
On flames of love.
Prayers and responses and the blessing
Officiated by The Royal Chaplain, Dr. Christian Thodberg.
These prayers and responses are another of the powerful traditions used at religious occasions by the Danish monarchy. These are prayers with an interchange between the priest and the choir. The music stems from the early 1600's and though sung in Danish, is very similar to a tradition originating from Durham Cathedral in northern England.
Let us pray.
Lord, have mercy upon us.
Christ, have mercy upon us.
Lord, have mercy upon us.
O Lord, shew thy mercy upon us.
And grant us thy salvation.
O Lord, save the Queen.
And mercifully hear us when we call upon thee.
Endue thy Ministers with righteousness.
And make thy chosen people joyful.
O Lord, save thy people.
And bless thine inheritance.
Give peace in our time, O Lord.
Because there is none other that fighteth for us, but
only thou, O Lord.
O God, make clean our hearts within us.
And take not the holy Spirit from us.
Praise ye the Lord.
The Lord’s Name be praised.
Let us pray.
We thank thee, dear heavenly Father, that thou hast
instituted holy matrimony, and we beseech thee that
thou wilt preserve this thy ordinance and blessing
unshaken also amongst us. Grant that all Christian husbands
and wives may, by thy holy Spirit, help one another
to cling to thy saving grace. Make them to rejoice
in hope, to be patient in tribulation, and to continue
instant in prayer; and strengthen them that they may
be living members of thy holy church, and so at last be
gathered together with thee in thy kingdom . Amen.
The Lord be with thou. And with your spirit.
The Lord bless you and keep you; The Lord make
his face shine upon you, and be gracious unto you; The
Lord lift up his countenance upon you, and give you
The great "Amen" after the blessing originates from Palestrina's "Marcellus Mass", from the middle of the 1500's.
Hymn No. 11 "Now Thank We All our God"
Now thank we all our God,
With hearts and hands and voices,
Who wondrous things hath done,
In whom the world rejoices;
Who from our mother’s arms
Hath blessed us on our way
With countless gifts of love,
And still is ours today.
Oh, may this bounteous God
Through all our life be near us,
With ever joyful hearts
And blessed peace to cheer us,
And keep us in His grace,
And guide us when perplexed,
And free us from all ills
In this world and the next.
All praise and thanks to God
The Father now be given;
Praise to the Son and Him
Who reigns with them in heaven;
Praise to the Trinitarian God
Whom earth and heav’n adore;
For thus it was, is now,
And shall be evermore.
Bride and groom leave the Cathedral (Copyright: Charles Hammarsten/Dana Press, with permission)
The Bridal Couple left the Cathedral, 17.00
Charles-Marie Widor (1845-1937): Toccata 5. Organ symphony played by Flemming Dreisig.
Since the wedding of Queen Margrethe and Prince Henrik in 1967, Mendelssohn's famous "Wedding March" has found itself in tough competition with this brilliant and virtuoso French organ piece. It was most recently used by the Danish Royal Family at the wedding of Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra.
Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik left the Cathedral, 17.06
Richard Wagner (1813-83): Ouverture to Act III of "Lohengrin". Arranged for the Cathedral's grand organ by the Cathedral Organist, Flemming Dreisig.
Whilst the wedding guests leave the Cathedral
1) Louis Vierne (1870-1937): Finale, D-major of Symphony No 1.MH 6.00 17.09
2) Jean Langlais (1907-1991): Carillon de Westminster MH 5.00 17.15
3) Louis Vierne (1870-1937): Carillon de Westminster MH 6.00 17.20
4) Alexandre Guilmant (1837-1911): Marche nupitale FD 6.00 17.26
5) William Mathias (1934-1992): Processional MH 5.00 17.32
6) Benna Moe (1897-1983): Hymn of Praise (4th movement of Alpine Suite) FD 3.00 17.37
7) Benna Moe (1897-1983): Sheperds’ Flutes(2nd movement of Alpine Suite) FD 3.00 17.40
8) Charles Marie Widor (1845-1937): Finale, G-major af Organ symphony No.6. MH 7.00 17.43
Photos taken during the opening of the cathedral for the public on 15 May 2004 (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
The Church of Our Lady, Copenhagen Cathedral, is built in a strict classicist style and the floral decorations are based on the architecture of the church, with respect for its lines. The decoration of the church has been carried out in close co-operation with Her Majesty Queen Margrethe II and floral designer, Mr Erik Buch.
Outside, in front of the Cathedral: Old, cone-shaped laurel trees, five metres high.
In the foyer of the Cathedral: Decorative laurel trees with four-leafed clover at the base.
Flowers in the nave of the Cathedral: red roses ‘Black Magic’, red roses ‘Red Unique’, red carnations ‘America’, pink carnations ‘Castelara’, orange and pink carnations ‘Solora’, flecked rusty orange carnations ‘Bodega’, dark red carnations ‘Sangria’, red and yellow gloriosa lilies, pink peonies, pink Dicentra Spectabilis (‘Bleeding heart’), pink Lathyrus (‘Sweet peas’), red ranunculus, blue Scilla (Blue Bells of Scotland), ivy, rhododendron, eucalyptus and spheres and droplets of ivy leaves.
On the Alter and Chancel steps: Blue Bells of Scotland, Snow gum, crooked-leafed Australian Eucalyptus. These flowers are specially dedicated to the bride.
Carriage ride at the Rådhus square and balcony scene at Amalienborg (Copyright: Netty Leistra)
After having been outside near the cathedral together with Dag and Christine all afternoon and managing to see glimpses of the guests, bride and groom - the bride even passed us by car on her way to the cathedral - I decided to use the pool card I got for the carriage ride of bride and groom. I managed to get at the Rådhus Square very quickly and luckily the wedding was shown on a big screen there, so I was able to see almost the whole ceremony.
After the ceremony bride and groom left the cathedral and stepped in a horse-drawn carriage (a Barouche) that was built by Jos Neuss in Berlin in 1906. It was also used at the wedding of Queen Margrethe II and Prince Henrik of Denmark in 1967. The coach was drawn by six Kladruber hroses that were driven à la Daumont. The outriders, Royal Coachman Ole Mortensen and Royal Coachman Henrik Steinmann used another two Kladruber horses. Postilion riders were Royal Head Coachman Jens Christiansen, Royal Coachman Erik Kofoed and Royal Coachman Poul Erik Petersen. Royal Footmen Torben Nielsen and Steen-Flemming Meier were in the footmen's seat.
The newly wed couple's coach was escorted by the Royal Danish Guard Hussar Regiment The escort included the Regiment's standar and 48 horses. They wore the red full-dress uniform. The regiment's Commanding Officer Colonel J. Kidde-Hansen rode behind the coach together with the Commandant of Copenhagen.
After the carriage ride Crown Prince Frederik and Crown Princess Mary appeared at the balcony of Amalienborg together with (step) parents. Although it seemed almost impossible I managed to reach the square just in time to see it and to be a part of the shouting and cheering crowd waving with Danish and Australian flags. There were two appearances and a few kisses so everybody was quite satisfied.
The bridal gown is made of white duchess satin which shines like mother-of-pearl. The gown is made up of long panels that open 10 centimetres from the waist, and are sewn in such a way that between each panel old lace, which is almost 100 years old, can be seen. The lace originates, as does the veil, from nuns in Connaught, Ireland. The luminous mother-of-pearl colour of the satin tones perfectly with the old lace.
The sleeves are called ‘Cala-sleeves’ by the designer, Uffe Frank, because they fold around the arms like the Cala lily.
8 metres of the old lace has been used for the gown itself, and 24 metres of duchess satin which is fully-lined with silk organza. 23½ meters of duchess satin has been used for the train, which is 6 metres long measured from the waist. The material has been doubled and stiffened with 15 metres of heavy organza. Additionally, 31 metres of tulle has been used to hold the skirt out at the back. This tulle has been edged and finished with 100 metres of chantilly lace from France.
Uffe Frank was trained at the College Arts and Crafts in Copenhagen in 1985 and thereafter studied for a year at the Royal College of Art in London, where he continued his studies to become a designer. Previously he had been apprenticed to the legendary haute-couture designer, Jørgen Bender, who for many years had created and designed the grand gowns for the Danish and Swedish Royal families. Uffe Frank has also worked for Birger Christensen, and in the fashion houses of Valentino and Giorgio Armani. Today has his own studio in Milan, Italy. The bridal gown was created according to Mary Donaldson’s own ideas and wishes, in close co-operation with Uffe Frank.
The Tailor Birgit Hallstein is 34 years old and is a fully qualified tailor working with the Danish fashion designer Lars Andersen. This is a craft with proud traditions, which Birgit Hallstein continues to follow in her work with the Crown Princess’s bridal gown. Birgit Hallstein has been a fully trained tailor for 13 years and works with all aspects of the process, from sewing and cutting, and from haute couture to theatrical costumes.
The veil is of Irish lace which, with two pieces of lace bordering, a handkerchief and a fan, was a gift to the late Queen Ingrid's mother, Crown Princess Margret of Sweden. She had used the veil and the lace for her wedding in St. Georges Chapel, Windsor on 15 June 1905. Queen Ingrid also used these pieces (the wide and narrow lace on the train) for her own wedding in Storkyrkan (Stockholm Cathedral) in Stockholm on 24 May, 1935. Queen Anne-Marie used the veil and only the narrow lace on her gown for her wedding in Athens on 18 September 1964. Queen Margrethe also used the veil and only the wide lace on her gown for her wedding in Holmens Naval Church on 10 June 1967. Princess Benedikte used the veil and also the wide lace on her gown for her wedding in Fredensborg Place Chapel on 3 February 1968. The veil has since been worn by Princess Alexandra zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg on 6 June 1998 and by Princess Alexia of Greece, on 9 June 1999.
The bride’s tiara is a gift from Her Majesty the Queen and His Royal Highness the Prince Consort.
The future Crown Princess has had a new pair of earrings made for her wedding. The earrings are made of platinum with brilliant-cut diamonds and South Sea Island pearls. They are hand-made by the jewellery designer, Marianne Dulong.
On her wedding day the bride has chosen to carry a very beautiful lace handkerchief made by the lace-making teacher, Astrid Hansen. The pattern is a well-known Tønder pattern (Tønder is a small town in southwest Jutland where the finest lace is made) called 'The great heart of Denmark'. When the engagement was announced on 8 October 2004, Astrid Hansen began her work on the handkerchief. Astrid Hansen worked 6 hours a day. The plan was that the lace should be completed by Easter and on Easter Monday the last needle was set and the lace removed from the pins.
The Bridal Bouquet
The bridal bouquet is composed to include a hint of Australian flowers. The shaft is of plaited silk ribbon with a silver circlet at the top, on which the monogram of the Royal couple and the date of their wedding has been engraved. This is the very personal touch given by the floral designer, Erik Buch.
Flowers in the bridal bouquet: Scented white roses of a newly propagated sort No. 0807-1, antique roses, stephanotis, hanging acmea - filicaules, sprays of muehlenbeckia - with stephanotis flowers, cream lathyrus (sweet-peas), rhododendrons and azaleas from Fredensborg Palace, myrtle (also called orange-blossom) from old myrtle plants now at Fredensborg Palace. The late Queen Ingrid brought these myrtle plants from her home in Stockholm, flowers from the orange trees at Fredensborg Palace, spirea specially grown at Graasten Palace (normally flowers in June and July), green gloriosa lilies; also Australian Flowers, snow gum - crooked-leafed Australian eucalyptus, and Australian eucalyptus with berries.
Uniforms of Crown Prince Frederik and Prince Joachim
Crown Prince Frederik of Denmark was dressed in the gala uniform of the navy, and wore the Grand Order of the Elephant with the Star of the Order, and the Cross of the Grand Commander, with the Star of the Order, and all other decorations.
His Best Man was his brother Prince Joachim of Denmark, who was dressed in the gala uniform of the infantry. He also wore the Grand Order of the Elephant with the star of the Order and all other decorations.
The bridesmaids were Miss Mary Elizabeth Donaldson’s two elder sisters, Mrs Jane Alison Stephens and Mrs Patricia Anne Bailey, and her friend Miss Amber Petty.
The flower girls were the daughters of Mary Donaldson’s sisters: Erin Stephens (8 years old) and Kate Stephens (6 years old), and Madisson Woods (8 years old).
There were two pageboys: Prince Nikolai of Denmark (4 years old), eldest son of Prince Joachim and Princess Alexandra, and Count Richard von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth (4 years old), son of Count Jefferson-Friedrich von Pfeil und Klein-Ellguth and Princess Alexandra zu Sayn-Wittgenstein-Berleburg.
Dresses and Suits
The bridesmaids’ dresses have all been designed by Mr Uffe Frank, and Queen Margrethe II and Miss Mary Donaldson have chosen the colours of the dresses. The flower girls all had hand-made silk roses in their hair designed by Madelaine Schnack.
The pageboy’s small suits, which have been designed using a suggestion from Queen Margrethe II, have buttons similar to Danish naval uniforms.
The Bridesmaids’ and Pageboys’ Jewellery
The adult bridesmaids wore earrings in gold and brilliant-cut diamonds, garnets and South Sea Island pearls. At the top of each pearl there is a leaf shape in gold.
The flower girls wore bracelets of gold with charms of rubies and a long butterfly pendant in gold. The pendant hangs down into the palm of the hand. In this way they can clench their fists around the butterfly if they get a little nervous. The butterfly has the monogram of the Royal Couple engraved on it.
The pageboys each wore silver cuff-links with a hammered gold sphere, with the monogram of the Royal Couple engraved on it.
The jewellery is a gift from the Crown Prince and his fiancée to their bridesmaids, flower girls and pageboys. It has all been hand made by jewellery designer Marianne Dulong.
Timbale of Shellfish from the Nordic Seas
Sea Urchin Sauce
Roast Venison from the Royal Forests
Rissole Potatoes from Samsø
Peas à la Parisienne
Sauté Mushroom and Morel Sauce
Vol-Au-Vent Perfect Union
White Danish Asparagus and Bornholm Chicken with a Sprinkling of Apple Cider
White Chocolate Délice
Crown Prince and Crown Princess
La Cigaralle du Prince Consort 2000
Cahors Château de Caïx 1996
Cuvée Frederik & Mary
Den Kongelige Livgardes Musikkorps
After the dinner bride and groom danced the 'brudevals' (bridal waltz) from the ballet Et Folkesagn by N.W. Gade. During the waltz the family and friends standing on the side of the room come closer and closer and at the end bride and groom have only little space left to dance.
Family of Crown Princess Mary
Family of Prince Henrik
Royal and noble guests
Other interesting guests